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Termez

Termez is a city in southern Uzbekistan near the border with Afghanistan. The city was named by Greeks who came with Alexander the Great. Termez means in Greek "hot" or "hot place" (Thermo or Thermos). It is still the hottest point of Uzbekistan. It has a population of 140,404 (1 January 2005), and is the capital of the Surxondaryo Province. Its most famous native son is Al-Tirmidhi, born in its suburb Bugh and buried in 60 kilometers north of Termez, on the outskirts of Sherobod. He is locally know as Iso At Termezi or Termez Ota (Father of Termez City).

Al Khakim At Termizi, one of the famous Sufi leaders is buried in the suburds of Termez. He is also know as Termez Ota (Father of Termez City). An ancient settlement was discovered near Termez, which was populated in the times of the Greek-Bactrain rule (3rd - 2nd c. B.C). It was center of Buddhism at the period of Kushans (1st -2nd c. C.E.) When Arabs came (in the 7th -8th c.) the city became the center of Islam.

Said Baraka, Amir Temur’s teacher was from old Termiz. Said Baraka was philosopher, war strategic and religious nobleman. During Amir Timur's time Termez continued to prosper, however it was destroyed at the end of 17th century. In 1897 the modern city emerged with Russian fortress and garrison.

Termez was a primary transit point during the Soviet invasion (1979-89) of Afghanistan.Historical and architectural monuments of Termez - Kyrk-Kyz (out-of-town Palace Country Estate) (9th -14th c.)  - Palace of Termez rulers (11th -12th c.)  - Architectural Complex of Al Khakim At-Termizi (10th -15th c.)  - Architectural Ensemble Sultan Saodat (10th - 18th c.)  - Kokildora Mausoleum Khanaka (16th c.)  - Kara-Tepe Monastery (2nd - 4th c. A.D.)  - Fayaz-Tepe Monastery (1st - 3rd c. A.D.)  - Zurmala Tower (1st -2nd c. A.D.)  - Abu Iso At Termizi Mausoleum (One of the six canonical hadith collector in the Muslim world) (9th c. A.D.),  buried in the suburb of Sherobod, 60 kiloneters north of Termez.

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